Surface Type Polygon
High poly 3D model TajMahal.
The Taj Mahal 3D model is made from a mausoleum mosque located in Agra, India, on the banks of the Jamna River (architects, probably Ustad-Isa, etc.). Built by order of Tamerlan’s descendant, the padishah of the Baburid Empire, Shah Jahan, in memory of Mumtaz Mahal’s wife, the fourteenth child who died during childbirth (later Shah Jahan himself was buried here).
The Taj Mahal 3D model (also “Taj”) as a real structure is considered as an example of Mughal style architecture, which combines elements of Central Asian, Indian, Persian, and Arabic architectural styles. In 1983, the Taj Mahal named a UNESCO World Heritage Site: "The pearl of Muslim art in India, one of the universally recognized heritage masterpieces that are admired throughout the world."
Despite the fact that the white marble dome of the mausoleum is the most famous component, the Taj Mahal is a structurally integrated complex. The building began to be built around 1632 and completed in 1653. Worked 20 thousand artisans and craftsmen. The management of the Taj Mahal was entrusted to the Council of Architects under imperial control, including Deshenov Anu, Macramat Khan, and Ustad Ahmad Lahauri. The main author of the project is usually considered Lahauri. According to another version, the most popular among the guides of the Taj Mahal, one of the main architects was the Turk Isa Mohammed Efendi.
Inside the mausoleum, there are two tombs - the Shah and his wife. In fact, their burial place is below - strictly under the tombs, under the ground. Construction time refers to approximately 1630-1652 years. The Taj Mahal is a five-dome structure 74 meters high on the platform, with 4 minarets in the corners (they are slightly inclined away from the tomb so that in case of destruction they do not damage it), to which there is an adjacent garden with fountains and a pool.
The walls are laid out of polished translucent marble (brought to the building for 300 km) inlaid with gems. Turquoise, agate, malachite, carnelian, etc. were used. Marble has such a feature that in bright daylight it looks white, pink at dawn, and silver on a moonlit night.
The Taj Mahal was built on a plot of land south of the surrounded Agra fortress wall. Shah Jahan traded this site belonging to Maharaja Jai Singh (Eng. Jai Singh I) for a large palace in the center of Agra. An area of approximately three acres (1.2 hectares) was dug up, soil was replaced to reduce infiltration, and the site level was raised 50 meters above the riverbank level. At the site of the mausoleum were dug wells, which, filled with rubble stone, formed the foundations of the building. Instead of scaffolding from tied bamboo, large-scale scaffolding from bricks was built that surrounded the tomb. They were so impressive in size that the masters, the construction managers, feared that their disassembly could take years. According to the legend, Shah-Jahan announced that anyone can take as many bricks as they wish, and the forests were dismantled by the peasants practically overnight.
For transportation of marble and other materials to the construction site, a fifteen-kilometer ramp was built of tamped earth, and thirty bulls dragged block by block to the construction site on specially designed carts. A carefully designed bulk-frame construction with blocks was used to raise the blocks to the desired level. Water for the needs of construction was extracted from the river with the help of a cable-rope system using animal power and merged into a large tank, from where it rose into a distribution tank. From there it was distributed in three auxiliary tanks and transported through pipes to the construction complex.
The construction of the tomb and the platform took about twelve years. The remaining parts of the complex were built for another ten years, and were completed successively: minarets, a mosque, javab, the Great Gate. Since the construction was carried out in stages, there are different points of view on what can be considered the end of the construction of the Taj Mahal. For example, the mausoleum itself was completed by 1643, but after this work continued on the remainder of the complex.