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Vase 3D modeli su popularni u scenama i interijerima.
Vaza je posuda elegantnog oblika s oslikanim ili lijevanim ukrasima od gline, porculana, kamena, stakla, metala i drugih materijala.
Vaze su zanimljive, prije svega, u smislu da slike koje ih ukrašavaju daju ideju crtanja umjetnosti starih Grka, karaktera i smjera njihovog slikarstva; drugo, ilustracija ovih posuda služi kao ilustrirani komentar na sve helenističke antike: mitološke scene s likovima Olympusa, prizori iz legendi o herojima, vjerski i pogrebni obredi, gimnastičke igre, razne javne epizode i privatnost.
Od kraja 19th stoljeća, Louvre u Parizu, Britanski muzej u Londonu, Pinakothek of Modernity München, Antička zbirka (Berlin) i Nacionalni arheološki muzej Napulja, Nacionalni arheološki muzej (Atena) i država Hermitage Museum u Sankt Peterburgu su posebno bogati vazama. Slikane glinene vaze nalaze se uglavnom u grobnicama; obično su bili postavljeni ili položeni u blizini tijela pokojnika ili su bili obješeni na zidovima grobnice. Većina tih vaza odnosi se na kućanske predmete. Tu su i ukrasne vaze, kao i vaze, koje su se uglavnom koristile kao dar bogovima i ljudima, ili kao nagrade u gimnastici i drugim natjecanjima.
Prve oslikane vaze, koje su privukle pozornost znanstvenika u XVII. Stoljeću, pronađene su u Toskani, pa su stoga smatrane djelima Etrurije; ali od kraja 19. stoljeća smatraju se grčkim porijeklom, a samo neki koji se jasno razlikuju od ostalih po obliku (krošnja), boji gline, karakteru i sadržaju slikarstva i drugim osobinama, zapravo su etrurski predmeti.
Vaze su se proizvodile u gotovo svim gradovima u Grčkoj i njezinim kolonijama, ali je Attica bila glavno središte te proizvodnje, osobito Atena i Korint. Odavde su se kroz trgovinu širili obalama Sredozemnog i Crnog mora i prodirali na kontinent.
Regardless of the beauty of their overall appearance, which testifies to how strongly the artistic taste of the ancient Greeks manifested even in similar semi-artisan works, these vases are interesting, first, in the sense that their painting gives an idea of the fine art of this people, of the character and the directions of painting, of which there are almost no real attractions. Secondly, the diversity of these visas, thanks to the variety of subjects she interprets, serves as an illustrated commentary on all Hellenic antiquities: mythological scenes in which all the deities of Olympus are actors, scenes of stories about heroes, religious and funeral rites, gymnastic games, gymnastic classes and private life – such plots, recreated on vases, put the viewer face-to-face with the beliefs and life of a long-gone, highly cultured civilization and help the archeologist to realize much that would remain dark for him m, if he used only the testimony of ancient writers. So it is not surprising that in all the educated countries, scientists are engaged in the study of ancient Greek vases, and in all modern museums in Europe are collecting and gradually replenishing collections of these monuments of antiquity. Particularly rich are the Louvre Museum in Paris, the British Museum in London, the Old Pinakothek in Munich, the Berlin Antique Collection and the National Archaeological Museum in Naples, the National Archaeological Museum in Athens and the Hermitage in St. Petersburg.
Clay painted vases are found mainly in tombs, although they are only rarely found to contain the ashes of the dead. As a rule, vases were placed or placed near a corpse or hung on the walls of a burial vault. Most of them belong to household items: some of them were used for storing loose and liquid household supplies, others for mixing drinks, others for scooping, quarters for perfumes, etc. There were also vases that did not have, obviously, For practical purposes, they were used solely as room decorations, as well as those made primarily for the offering to the gods or for giving out, in the form of rewards, in gymnastic and other competitions (eg, Pan-African amphorae). The appointment of funeral vases had a dual purpose: on the one hand, the deceased’s relatives wished to decorate his last shelter as best as possible, and on the other, to surround him with objects that were useful and pleasing to him on earth, probably in the belief that they could serve him. and in the afterlife.
The first painted vases, which attracted the attention of scientists in the 17th century, were found in Tuscany, and therefore recognized as works of Etruria, but nowadays. The name of their Etruscan is completely abandoned, and everyone, although a little familiar with archeology, There is no doubt that the most important part of them is of Greek origin, and only some are clearly different from the other form (canopies), the color of clay (black clay – booker), the nature and content of the painting and other features. This is actually Etruscan products. Vases were made in almost all cities of Greece and its colonies (see Greater Greece), but Attica, especially Ancient Athens and Corinth, was the main center of production. From here through trade, they spread along the shores of the Mediterranean and the Black Seas and penetrated the continent, with Greek masters, relying on the marketing of their products to barbarians, at times adjusted to their taste, as evidenced by finds made in various remote places, such as Greece, for example. southern Ukraine.
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